Browse our collection of seahorse-related articles on topics ranging from seahorse biology and conservation to aquaculture and trade. Can't find what you're looking for? Drop us a line at

Life history, ecology

  • Life history and ecology of seahorses: implications for conservation and management (2004) (Abstract)
  • A Guide to the Identification of Seahorses (2004) (PDF)

Conservation & management

  • Conservation and management of seahorses and other Syngnathidae (2011) (Abstract)
  • Improving compliance on seahorse exports under CITES: Enhancing sustainability of the international trade in seahorses with a single minimum size limit (2005) (Abstract)
  • How does the accuracy of fisher knowledge affect seahorse conservation status? (2010) (Abstract)
  • Proceedings of the International Workshop on CITES Implementation for Seahorse Conservation and Trade (2005) (PDF)
  • Collaborative development of management options for an artisanal fishery for seahorses in the central Philippines (2004) (Abstract)

Exploitation & trade

  • Trade in seahorses and other syngnathids in countries outside Asia (1998-2001) (2011) (PDF)
  • A global review of seahorse aquaculture (2010) (Abstract)
  • Fisheries, large-scale trade, and conservation of seahorses in Malaysia and Thailand (2010) (Abstract)
  • Exploitation and trade of Australian seahorses, pipehorses, sea dragons and pipefishes (Family Syngnathidae) (2006) (Abstract)
  • The catch and trade of seahorses in Vietnam (2006) (Abstract)
  • Quantifying non-target seahorse fisheries in central Vietnam (2006) (Abstract)
  • Magnitude and inferred impacts of the seahorse trade in Latin America (2005) (Abstract)
  • Assessing East African trade in seahorse species as a basis for conservation under international controls (2004) (Abstract)
  • Bycatch of lined seahorses in a Gulf of Mexico shrimp trawl fishery (2003) (Abstract)

Technical bulletins

  • Measuring seahorses (2003) (PDF)
  • Guide to monitoring seahorse fisheries (2003) (PDF)
  • Syngnathid husbandry in public aquaria (2005) (PDF)